Asylum applicant– an alien who has lodged an asylum application in accordance with the procedure established in the Law

Emigration – departure to another country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.

Expulsion – compulsory transportation or removal of an alien from the territory of the Poland in accordance with the procedure established by legal acts.

Family reunification – he entry into and residence in the Poland of family members of an alien, who is not a citizen of the European Union but is residing lawfully in the Poland, in order to preserve the family, irrespective of whether the family relationship arose before or after the alien’s arrival.

Forced return – transfer of an alien to his country of origin or a foreign country to which he/she has the right to depart, according to the decision agreed with that country.

Foreigner – a person who is not a citizen of the Poland regardless if he/she holds another country’s citizenship or not.

Immigration – arrival to a country with an intention to reside in it permanently or no shorter than 12 months.

International net migration – difference between the number of immigrants and emigrants.

Refugee – an alien who has been granted the status of a refugee in the Poland in accordance with the procedure established by this Law.

Refugee status – granted for an asylum seeker who is located outside of his/her country of origin and who is unwilling or unable to return to it owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group. Persons, granted refugee status, receive the right to permanent residence in Poland.

Permanent residence permit – a document entitling an alien to reside in the Poland and certifying the alien’s permanent resident status.

Subsidiary protection – granted to a foreigner who does not qualify for refugee status but cannot return to his/her country of origin owing to a fear that he/she will be tortured, suffer inhumane treatment, his/her rights and freedoms will be threatened because of the widespread violence, armed conflict or another situation in his/her country where systematic human rights violations appear. Such a person is granted subsidiary protection in Poland, usually for one year, and can remain until situation in his/her home country improves.

Temporary protection – form of protection that can be granted by the decision of the Poland government if there is a massive influx of foreigners. Individuals cannot apply for this form of protection. Until now temporary protection has never been granted.

Temporary residence permit – a document granting an alien the right for temporary residence in the Poland for a period specified therein.

Third country national – a person who is not a citizen of the member state of the European Union or the European Free Trade Association (Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, and Switzerland).

Work permit – a document allowing a foreign national to work in Poland for an indicated period of time. Foreigners, with an exception of the EU nationals and citizens of Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, are required to obtain a work permit prior to their arrival in Poland (unless they lawfully reside on other grounds). An application for a work permit has to be submitted by an employer.